Cherry Brook Garden Club

Bird Garden Plants

At a recent garden club meeting we learned about plants that will attract birds.  Many will also attract butterflies.  Following is a list of these plants plus a directory of some nursery and garden centers that offer these plants, most of which are natives!

NATIVE PLANT BUTTERFLY & BIRD GARDEN

 List of Existing and Potential Plants*

 

 Unless otherwise noted, plants are native to Connecticut.

      

       **   Potential plants under consideration.

 

GRASSES

          Carex pensylvanica- Sedge

          Panicum spp.- Panic Grasses

          Schizachyrium Big Bluestem, Little Bluestem

 

FERNS

        Dryopteris marginalis - Marginal Shield Fern

        Polystichum  acrosticoides- Christmas Fern

**   Thelypteris noveboracenisis - New York Fern

 

 

PERENNIALS

                Actaea racemosa   Black Baneberry

                Anaphalis margaritacea – Pearly Everiastiag

                Antennaria neglect   Pussytoes

                Aquilegia canadensis  Wild Columbine

**           Asclepias exaltata   Poke-leaved or Tall Milkweed

**           Asclepias incarnata – Swamp Milkweed

                Asclepias  syriaca –  Common Milkweed

                Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly Weed, Pleurisy Root

**           Aster cordifolius Heart-leafed Aster

                Aster divaricatus -– White Wood Aster

                Aster laevis – Smooth Aster

                Aster novae-angliae New England Aster

**           Aster umbellatus Flat-top White Aster

                Baptisia australis Blue False Indigo

                Baptisia tinctoria Wild Indigo, Rattle-Weed

                Thermopsis villosa   Carolina lupine

                Chelone glabra – Turtlehead

                Echinacea purpurea Purple Coneflower

Range: Iowa, Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, Virginia south

                Eupatorium Joe Pye Weed

                Filipendia rubra – Queen of the Prairie

                Geranium maculatum – Wild Geranium

                Helianthus decapetalus Wild Sunflower

**           Lespedea intermedia Wandlike Bush-Clover

                Liatris scariosa  New England Blazing Star or Devil's Bit

                Lupinus perennis – Wild Lupine

                Monarda didyma – Scarlet beebalm

                Monarda fistulosa Wild Bergamot

**           Penstemon hirsutus Northeastern Beard-tongue

                Physostegia viginiana  – Obedient Plant

                Pycnanthemum muticum   Mountain Mint

                Pycnanthemum tenuifolium -Narrow-leaved Mountain Mint

                Rudbeckia hirta – Black-eyed Susan

                Rudbeckia lacinata Wild Golden Glow, Tall Coneflower

                Sedum ternatum – Wild Stonecrop

               

Solidago spp. Goldenrod

                Solidagio bicolor – Silver-rod

**           Solidago caesia  Blue-stemmed Goldenrod

                Solidago speciosa Showy Goldenrod

               Thermopsis villosa   Carolina lupine or Carolina Bushpea

**           Veronicastrum virginicum – Culver’s Root

                Vernonia noveboracensis – New York Ironweed

                Viola papilionacea Common Blue Violet

 

SHRUBS

                Arctostaphylos uva-ursi – Bearberry

                Aronia arbutifolia Red Chokeberry

                Ceanothus americanus – New Jersey Tea

                Clethra alnifolia – Sweet Pepperbush

                Comptonia peregrina – Sweetfern

                Corylus Americana – American Hazelnut

                Kalmia latifolia – Mountain Laurel

                Lindera benzoin – Spicebush

                Myrica pensylvanica Northern Bayberry

                Physocarpus opulifolius – Common Ninebark

                Prunus virginiana – Chokecherry

                Prunus melanocarpa – Black Chokecherry

                Rhododendron periclymenoides – Pinxterbloom Azalea

                Rhododendron viscosum – Swamp Azalea

                Rhus aromatica – Fragrant Sumac

                Rhus typhina – Staghorn Sumac

                Rosa Carolina – Pasture Rose

                Rosa palustris – Swamp Rose

                Sambucus nigra – Common Elderberry        

                Spirea latifolia – Meadowsweet

                Vaccinium augustifolium  – Late Low-bush Blueberry

                Vaccinium corymbosum – Highbush Blueberry

                Viburnum acerifolum – Mapleleaf Viburnum

                Viburnum cassinoides – Wild Raisin

                Viburnum dentatum – Southern Arrow-wood

                Viburnum lentag Nannyberry

                Viburnum nudum L.— Possumhaw                                

 

TREES

                Amelanchier spp -– Shadbush, Serviceberry

                Amelanchier canadensis -– Canadian Serviceberry

                Amelanchier laevis – Smooth Juneberry

                Betula lenta – Sweet or Black Birch

            Celtis occidentalis – American Hackberry, Sugarberry

            Cornus florida – Flowering Dogwood

                Juniperus virginiana – Virginia Red Cedar

                Ilex opaca – American Holly           

                Prunus serotina – Wild or Black Cherry

            Quercus palustris – Pin Oak

            Sassafras albidum Sassafras

            Thuja occidentalis – Northern White Cedar

 

Books

Bringing Nature Home: How Native Plants Sustain Wildlife in Our Gardens  by Douglas W. Tallamy Native Plants of the Northeast: A guide for gardening and conservation by Donald J. Leopold

Noah’s Garden by Sara Stein

The American Woodland Garden by Rick Darke

The American Meadow Garden by John Greenlee

 

Websites

 USDA Plant Database  -  http://plants.usda.gov/ 

Native Plant Gardens /Arboretums

New England Wildflower Society Garden in the Woods, Framingham, MA

Connecticut College Arboretum: Native Plant Collection, New London, CT

Roaring Brook Nature Center, 70 Gracey Road, Canton, CT 06019

Native Plant Sanctuary Locations

  • Arbutus Sanctuary, Winchendon, MA
  • Plainfield Sanctuary, Plainfield, NH
  • Hobbs Fern Sanctuary, Lyman, NH
  • Eshqua Bog Natural Area, Hartland, VT
  • Harvey Butler Rhododendron Sanctuary, Springvale, ME
  • Annie Sturgis Sanctuary, Vassalboro, ME
  • Robert P. Tristram Coffin Wildflower Reservation, Woolwich, ME
  • Garden in the Woods, Framingham, MA 
  • Nasami Farm Sanctuary, Whately, MA 

Native Plant Nurseries

Native Tree and Shrub Availability List – CT DEP Bureau of Natural Resources, Wildlife Division

http://www.ct.gov/dep/lib/dep/wildlife/pdf_files/habitat/ntvtree.pdf

Earth Tones Native Plant Nursery* - Woodbury, CT 

www.earthtonesnatives.com

New England Wetlands Plants* -Amherst, MA  (not just wetland plants)

www.newp.com

Project Native* - Housatonic, MA

www.projectnative.org

New England Wildflower Society at Nasami Farm* - Whately, MA

www.newenglandwild.org/visit/nasami-farm

New England Wildflower Society* – Framingham, MA

www.newfs.org

*(good list of native plants and their growing conditions

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